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Wool is an all-natural, renewable fibre, grown on sheep

Wool is a planet-friendly fibre for many reasons: 

  • Sheep are part of the natural carbon cycle, consuming the organic carbon stored in plants and converting it to wool. Fifty per cent of the weight of wool is pure organic carbon. 
  • Wool products have long lifespans, meaning they are used or worn longer than other textile fibre products
  • Wool textile products tend to be washed less frequently at lower temperatures which has a lower impact on the environment 
  • Wool is one of the most recycled fibre. With a market share of 1,3% of all textile fibres, wool claims 5% within the recycled fibres market share identifying wool as a suitable fibre for recycling.
  • Finally, at the very end of its lifespan, wool biodegrades readily. 

It all adds up to a highly sustainable fibre.

Sustainability in the Wool Industry

Wool, like everything people produce and use, affects the environment in some way. Groups and individuals interested in sustainability and ethical behaviour naturally want to understand how wool affects the world around us and to make informed choices accordingly. The wool industry is dedicated to making wool's environmental qualities more understandable. At the same time the wool industry is benchmarking its own environmental performance for constant improvement and compliance to high environmental regulations. IWTO and its members regularly invest into scientific research and information on the topic of wool and the wool industry's sustainability credentials. Further information can be found under the section Our Work and Resources.